Name: 
 

VICA - Networking Study Guide 1



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

When every computer on a network acts as both a client and a server, the network is
a(n) _____________________ network.
a.
distributed
c.
connected
b.
local area
d.
peer-to-peer
 

2. 

A(n) ___________ spans multiple geographic areas and is usually connected by common telecommunication carriers.
a.
TAN
c.
MAN
b.
LAN
d.
WAN
 

3. 

A(n) ___________ is contained within a company or department and located in a single geographical area.
a.
TAN
c.
MAN
b.
LAN
d.
WAN
 

4. 

In a(n) ________________ network, all computers can share resources, such as files, printers, and applications, with
other computers.
a.
distributed
c.
connected
b.
local area
d.
peer-to-peer
 

5. 

A(n) ___________ server maintains storage space for data that is shared with clients.
a.
file
c.
document
b.
data
d.
database
 

6. 

Each layer in the protocol stack adds a(n) __________________ to the data as it is passed down the layers.
a.
protocol data unit
c.
protocol data frame
b.
protocol data pack
d.
protocol data module
 

7. 

The _________ specification defines a wiring system for data-grade cable.
a.
586A
c.
568A
b.
586B
d.
568B
 

8. 

The ________ layer defines how data is packaged for the network.
a.
Physical
c.
MAC
b.
LLC
d.
Transport
 

9. 

The ________ layer routes data and handles communication errors.
a.
Physical
c.
Network
b.
Data link
d.
Transport
 

10. 

The ________ layer contains software-addressing information for data packets.
a.
Physical
c.
Network
b.
Data link
d.
Transport
 

11. 

The Network layer contains a(n) _____________ address for the computer.
a.
physical
c.
location
b.
MAC
d.
logical
 

12. 

The addressing mechanism at the ________ layer allows data packets to move between segmented networks.
a.
Physical
c.
Network
b.
Data link
d.
Transport
 

13. 

The ________ layer enables two applications on the network to have an ongoing conversation or dialog.
a.
Session
c.
Network
b.
Data link
d.
Transport
 

14. 

The ________ layer tells the receiving computer where a transmission begins and ends.
a.
Session
c.
Network
b.
Data link
d.
Transport
 

15. 

A packet sent by a connectionless transport is also called a(n) _______________.
a.
datagram
c.
UDP
b.
frame
d.
data module
 

16. 

The ________ layer allows the transfer of a large set of data across the network.
a.
Presentation
c.
Network
b.
Session
d.
Transport
 

17. 

The ________ layer provides the encryption services when data encryption is used in network communications.
a.
Presentation
c.
Network
b.
Session
d.
Transport
 

18. 

The ________ layer prepares the data from the Application layer for transmission over the network.
a.
Presentation
c.
Network
b.
Session
d.
Transport
 

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

19. 

Two computers connected by a wire cable forms a network.
 

20. 

Systems that are part of a network have to be identical.
 

21. 

As people have grown more dependent on technology, their need for networked devices has increased.
 

22. 

A computer connected to the Internet over the public telephone system is part of a network.
 

23. 

Networked computers can share data and peripherals.
 

24. 

In a client/server network, the clients host the resources for the servers to utilize.
 

25. 

Client/server networks have computers that are servers and computers that act as clients to those servers.
 

26. 

The NIC is a physical component that connects to the internal hardware of the computer system.
 

27. 

The NIC forms a physical connection to the network media.
 

28. 

The OSI model is an absolute standard for computer networks.
 

29. 

Computers must use a common protocol in order to communicate properly.
 

30. 

Because a computer stores information in binary form, the Physical layer must convert that information into a signal for physical transmission.
 

31. 

The network card at the Physical layer converts the data into electrical, radio, or light signals and transmits the signal on the network media.
 

32. 

The LLC is the portion of the Data Link layer that provides the linking function between the Physical layer and the higher layers.
 

33. 

When network-card manufacturers produce network cards, they add the MAC address into the circuitry of the NIC based on a unique block of numbers assigned to them from the IEEE.
 

34. 

No two network cards will have the same address.
 

35. 

Every card on your network must have a unique MAC address.
 

36. 

When computers send out broadcast messages, every computer will accept the packet and pass it up the protocol stack.
 

37. 

The only way to change your computer's MAC address is to replace the network card.
 

38. 

The MAC layer defines the media access method and provides a unique identifier for the network card.
 

39. 

Repeaters operate at the Network layer to move packets back and forth between segments, pushing them to the correct segment of the network.
 

40. 

Like the MAC address , the logical address cannot be assigned or modified by the person in charge of the network.
 

41. 

The Transport layer provides point-to-point data transportation.
 

42. 

The Network layer makes network segmentation and routing possible.
 

43. 

Connection-oriented protocols do not require an acknowledgement of the receipt of data packets.
 

44. 

Connection-oriented services are termed "reliable" because they ensure the receipt of packets.
 

45. 

Protocols that reside at the Transport layer can be connection-oriented or connectionless.
 

46. 

Connectionless protocols require an acknowledgement of the receipt of data packets.
 

47. 

The Presentation layer may compress outbound data or decompress inbound data.
 

48. 

Data compression reduces the size of the data that is sent across the network and improves network performance.
 

49. 

Data from the Application layer is passed directly to the Presentation layer.
 

50. 

The application layer has its own protocols.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

51. 

A computer ___________ is a term that describes the connection of two or more computers by some type of medium.
 

 

52. 

All networks use connection ____________.
 

 

53. 

Fiber optic cable is more expensive than wire cabling, but not as susceptible to _______________________ as is wire cable.
 

 

54. 

With ________________ communication, a connection is made between the devices sending and receiving the signals, and air, rather than cable, is used to host the communication.
 

 

55. 

A print ____________ hosts the connection to a printer so that clients can send print jobs to the printer.
 

 

56. 

A(n) _______________ is a device that allows a computer or other device to connect to a network.
 

 

57. 

A(n) __________ server provides content on the Internet for clients to connect to when "browsing" the Internet.
 

 

58. 

Peer-to-peer networks are also known as "______________" because all computers are on the same level and can share resources with other computers.
 

 

59. 

A(n) ______________ is the intermediate stage between a LAN and a WAN.
 

 

60. 

Networking _______________ is a generic term that describes all the physical components of a network, such as the NIC, cable, and any related connectors.
 

 

61. 

In developing the OSI model, ISO examined existing ______________, such as TCP/IP, SNA, and DECNET.
 

 

62. 

You can think of a(n) ______________ as a common language that is used between two computers.
 

 

63. 

As the layers pass the data through the stack, the addition of a header and/or trailer is called _________________.
 

 

64. 

Connectors, cables, and a device called a(n) ______________ are all items that you can associate with the Physical layer.
 

 

65. 

The __________ address provides a way to distinguish one computer from another on the network.
 

 

66. 

The ____________ at the Network layer allow computers to route packets to remote networks.
 

 



 
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