Name: 
 

Web Design Study Guide 3



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

Information on related topics is linked over the Internet through the use of _______________.
a.
deprecated elements
c.
hypertext
b.
markup language
d.
hypermedia
 

2. 

HTML is intended to represent _______________.
a.
document structure only
c.
both document structure and style
b.
style only
d.
neither document structure nor style
 

3. 

The only browser currently supporting XML is _______________.
a.
Opera
c.
Internet Explorer 5.0
b.
Netscape Navigator 4.0
d.
all of the above
 

4. 

The program that interprets the markup tags in an HTML file and displays the results in the canvas area of the browser interface is called a(n) _______________.
a.
parser
c.
script
b.
pager
d.
applet
 

5. 

Which coding approach provides the greatest acceptance across browsers?
a.
Lowest common denominator coding
c.
Cutting-edge coding
b.
Greatest common denominator coding
d.
Browser-specific coding
 

6. 

Which coding approach may be most viable on a company intranet?
a.
Lowest common denominator coding
c.
Cutting-edge coding
b.
Greatest common denominator coding
d.
Browser-specific coding
 

7. 

A user tries to view a Web page coded at 800 x 600 on a screen set at a resolution of 640 x 480. What will likely result?
a.
The on-screen content will be compressed, making it difficult to read.
b.
Scroll bars will display.
c.
The Web page will fail to open, and an error message will display.
d.
None of the above.
 

8. 

Which of the following is the most common method of connecting to the Internet?
a.
ISDN
c.
telephone line
b.
cable modem
d.
DSL
 

9. 

Which of the following is NOT a good rule to follow when presenting text online?
a.
Use a wide variety of fonts and colors to stimulate reader interest.
b.
Use dark colors for the text against a light background.
c.
Control the horizontal length of your text.
d.
Include plenty of headings to help users find content quickly.
 

10. 

You can reinforce the identifying elements of your site by _______________.
a.
repeating colors
b.
using a wide variety of fonts
c.
using a page layout that discourages different hierarchical levels
d.
using only structured, linear columns
 

11. 

Which of the following statements about grids is NOT true?
a.
You can impose a grid to provide visual consistency.
b.
You can use a grid to enforce structure.
c.
You cannot break out of a grid once you have imposed one on your site.
d.
All of the above statements are true.
 

12. 

White space that is used deliberately is called _______________.
a.
designer white space
c.
active white space
b.
extra white space
d.
passive white space
 

13. 

Main and secondary Web pages _______________.
a.
should share consistent background graphics
b.
do not need to look the same
c.
should always be designed using different grids
d.
none of the above
 

14. 

Keep your design efforts centered solely around _______________.
a.
your knowledge of HTML
b.
your user
c.
the latest browser technology
d.
lowest common denominator coding principles
 

15. 

If your page is designed for reading, you will likely _______________.
a.
not include any links in the text
b.
use short textual descriptions
c.
use a text column narrower than the width of the screen
d.
display text in long unbroken blocks to aid uninterrupted online reading
 

16. 

Which screen area in Figure 2-20 would likely display links that appear consistently, but are of secondary importance?
a.
2
c.
4
b.
3
d.
5
 

17. 

Eye movement across a Web page _______________.
a.
is always from left to right
b.
is always from top to bottom
c.
generally starts in the middle of the page, then moves up, right, down, and left
d.
none of the above
 

18. 

How many navigation methods to the Study does the Web page shown in Figure 2-27 offer a user?
a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

19. 

A hypertext table of contents _______________.
a.
is generally not helpful to most novice Web users
b.
will significantly slow the download time of your Web page
c.
offers no clues to users about where they have visited on the site
d.
lets users pick the exact topic they want to view
 

20. 

Which of the following text types is particularly difficult to read on-screen in paragraph format because of screen graininess?
a.
Bold
c.
Roman
b.
Italic
d.
Serif
 

21. 

Which of the following Web site types establish a Web presence for a business or commercial venture?
a.
Product support
c.
Publishing
b.
Billboard
d.
Virtual gallery
 

22. 

Manufacturers are most likely to provide online tutorials and information about upgrades on which type of Web site?
a.
Product support
c.
Special interest
b.
E-commerce
d.
Billboard
 

23. 

Which of the following characters are NOT allowed under the 8.3 file naming convention?
a.
letters
c.
hyphen
b.
numbers
d.
underscore
 

24. 

Regarding Figure 3-5, which of the following statements is true about User2's Web site?
a.
Web surfers must enter www.webserver.com/user2/ in their browsers to access User2's site.
b.
Web surfers can enter www.mysite.com to access User2's site.
c.
User2 purchased the domain name from the Web server public area.
d.
The path to User2's content changed when she purchased the domain name www.mysite.com.
 

25. 

If you include the root directory in your partial URLs, ____________________.
a.
you are basing your file structure on your development machine
b.
the same path to your files will apply if the files are moved to another machine
c.
all the links on your site will work properly
d.
all of the above
 

26. 

"A system in which objects can be creatively linked to each other" is a definition of _______________.
a.
alternate text-based linking
c.
hypertext
b.
navigation
d.
hypermedia
 

27. 

Which of the following is NOT a user location cue?
a.
Location path
c.
Search function
b.
Back button on a browser
d.
Page banner
 

28. 

Which of the following statements about the code <DIV ALIGN=CENTER> is NOT true?
a.
The <DIV> element centers the navigation bar on the page.
b.
The <CENTER> element takes the place of the <DIV> element.
c.
The <DIV> element takes the place of the <CENTER> element.
d.
The <CENTER> element is a deprecated element.
 

29. 

Which of the following linking methods allows users to scroll through a table of contents to scan the chapters and topics and then jump to the chapter they want?
a.
Linking to individual files
c.
Linking to document fragments
b.
Linking with a navigation bar
d.
All of the above will work
 

30. 

To avoid extra space in a hypertext link, _______________.
a.
always make <P> the innermost set of tags
b.
always make <A> the innermost set of tags
c.
add a vertical bar character between code elements
d.
be sure to reference the HTML files in the HREF attributes
 

31. 

How many <A> anchor elements are required by a Top link?
a.
4
c.
2
b.
3
d.
1
 

32. 

Links that are embedded directly in the flow of your content are called _______________.
a.
cross-referential links
c.
content links
b.
contextual links
d.
navigational links
 

33. 

The color of a navigation graphic _______________.
a.
should never be changed to maintain consistency
b.
is irrelevant
c.
can be changed to indicate which page the user currently is viewing
d.
should be different on each page of the Web site
 

34. 

When a user points to a graphic, the pop-up text box containing the ALT attribute appears _______________.
a.
even if the browser does not display graphics
b.
only if the browser does not display graphics
c.
only after the graphics have downloaded
d.
only if additional HTML code has been added to the graphic
 

35. 

The <TABLE> element contains the table information, which consists of _______________.
a.
table row elements
b.
individual table data cells and table headers
c.
captions and table headers
d.
table row elements and individual table data cells
 

36. 

If you want a caption to display at the bottom of a table, you need to use the _______________ attribute.
a.
ALIGN=BOTTOM
b.
DISPLAY=BOTTOM
c.
CAPTION=BOTTOM
d.
none of the above; captions display at the bottom of a table by default
 

37. 

Which table attribute inserts spacing within the table cells on all four sides?
a.
ADDSPACING
c.
CELLPADDING
b.
CELLSPACING
d.
CELLSPAN
 

38. 

Which type of table attributes should be placed in the beginning of the <TR> tag?
a.
row-level
c.
column-level
b.
cell-level
d.
global
 

39. 

Default spacing values are included in the table even when you do not specify values for the table's _______________
attributes.
a.
BORDER
c.
CELLSPACING
b.
CELLPADDING
d.
all of the above
 

40. 

To try out your template, you can create dummy <A> tags that have no _______________ value.
a.
HRHT
c.
HREF
b.
HREC
d.
HTML
 

41. 

In a two-column template, the left cell would typically be used for _______________.
a.
content
c.
either content or navigation
b.
navigation
d.
banners
 

42. 

The way a font is displayed is determined by _______________.
a.
the user's browser and operating system
c.
careful and correct HTML coding
b.
the designer's use of the font
d.
all of the above
 

43. 

The <FONT> element allows HTML authors to choose all of the following type attributes EXCEPT_______________.
a.
font
c.
resolution
b.
color
d.
size
 

44. 

The <STYLE> element must  _______________.
a.
always include all CSS rules
c.
always be contained in the <HEAD> section
b.
never include all CSS rules
d.
never be contained in the <HEAD> section
 

45. 

Which of the following statements about browser support of CSS is NOT true?
a.
Strange results appear when browsers cannot interpret the CSS rules properly.
b.
Older browsers will not be able to interpret your CSS rules at all.
c.
Internet Explorer 5.0 does not completely support the CSS specification.
d.
Netscape Navigator 4.x is the leader in style support.
 

46. 

Which of the following is NOT a generic name for a font family?
a.
Serif
c.
Proportional
b.
Sans-serif
d.
Monospace
 

47. 

Setting a line height value to 150% with a 10-point font results in a line height of _______________ points.
a.
6.6
c.
25
b.
15
d.
30
 

48. 

Which of the following is NOT an image format you can use on the Web?
a.
GIF
c.
JPG
b.
TIF
d.
PNG
 

49. 

The GIF file format is the logical choice for _______________.
a.
line art
c.
complex graphics
b.
photographs
d.
all of the above
 

50. 

You can adjust the quality of a JPG image by using the slider in Adobe Photoshop's JPEG _______________ dialog box.
a.
Image Quality
c.
Format
b.
Options
d.
Compression
 

51. 

Normal image alignment is to the _______________ of the text.
a.
top
c.
center
b.
baseline
d.
none of the above
 

52. 

Which of the following is the correct code to tell a browser to reserve a 100 x 50 pixel space for the earth.gif image, and should display the alternate text "Earth" if it cannot display the image?
a.
<IMG SRC="earth.gif" WIDTH=100 HEIGHT=50 ALT="Earth">
b.
<IMG SRC="earth.gif" WIDTH=50 HEIGHT=100 ALT="Earth">
c.
<IMG="earth.gif" WIDTH=100 HEIGHT=50 ALT="Earth">
d.
<IMG ALT="Earth" SRC="earth.gif" WIDTH=50 HEIGHT=100>
 

53. 

All of the following would be appropriate graphic sizes at 640 x 480 screen resolution EXCEPT _______________.
a.
590 x 50
c.
290 x 150
b.
170 x 140
d.
600 x 400
 

54. 

Which of the following would you use to align text along the bottom of an image border?
a.
ALIGN=BOTTOM
c.
ALIGN=MIDDLE
b.
ALIGN=TOP
d.
none of the above
 

55. 

You can use all of the following techniques to increase the white space around an image EXCEPT _______________.
a.
add the VSPACE and HSPACE attributes to the <IMG> element
b.
use the PADDING and MARGIN style properties
c.
use graphic editing software
d.
all of the above are valid techniques
 

56. 

Single-pixel lines or rules work exactly like transparent spacer GIFs, except that _______________.
a.
their size cannot be changed using the WIDTH and HEIGHT attributes
b.
they are a single color rather than transparent
c.
they cannot be reused throughout your Web page
d.
they have default borders
 

57. 

If you want to use a graphic that will not repeat within the browser window at even the highest screen resolution, then you will need to use a graphic that is longer than _______________ pixels.
a.
480
c.
800
b.
600
d.
1024
 

58. 

The CSS BACKGROUND-REPEAT property allows you to _______________ .
a.
tile the image completely across the page
c.
repeat the same image indefinitely on the page
b.
create a single column or row of the image
d.
use the graphic on other pages on your site
 

59. 

Most information needs can be accommodated with _______________ frames per frameset.
a.
two or three
c.
four or five
b.
three or four
d.
five or six
 

60. 

Avoid using a framed document as your top-level page because _______________.
a.
most browsers will not support such a design
b.
frameset code contains actual page content
c.
page content is not contained in the HTML files displayed in the frames
d.
search engines that read the content of a page for indexing will find no information on a framed page
 

61. 

Enclose the contents of a standard Web page within the <NOFRAMES> tag, excluding the _______________.
a.
<HTML> tag
c.
<FRAMESET> element
b.
<FRAMES> element
d.
SRC attribute
 

62. 

If you choose not to display frame borders and remove the default border spacing between frames, _______________.
a.
users will become easily lost on your site
b.
you can create seamless frames with no visible dividing line
c.
browsers will be unable to display scroll bars if they are needed
d.
content from one frame may possibly flow into another frame
 

63. 

Which frame attribute lets you control the size of the left and right margins in a frame?
a.
MARGINWIDTH
c.
WIDTH
b.
FRAMEWIDTH
d.
MARGINHEIGHT
 

64. 

To allow your page content to touch the sides of the frame, set the vertical and horizontal margin attributes to _______________.
a.
OFF
c.
NO
b.
NULL
d.
0
 

65. 

Your frameset contains three frames. If you name the first frame "main," then _______________.
a.
you must name at least one of the other frames in the frameset
b.
you must name both of the other frames in the frameset
c.
you will not be able to target links to display their content in the first frame
d.
none of the above
 

66. 

Which of the following target names would most likely be used in the <A> element to override a base target?
a.
_self
c.
_top
b.
_blank
d.
_bottom
 

67. 

The Back button will not be available to users if you link to a target using _______________.
a.
_top
c.
_new
b.
_bottom
d.
_blank
 

68. 

Using the _top target name _______________.
a.
will prevent the Back button from being available to users
b.
significantly increases memory overhead for the user
c.
causes the browser to maintain only one open window
d.
all of the above
 

69. 

If the left frame width of a two-frame frameset is fixed at 125 pixels, then _______________.
a.
the left table width must also be fixed at 125 pixels
b.
the right frame width must also be fixed
c.
the right frame width can be either fixed or variable
d.
the right table width must be at least 80%
 

70. 

Web server space is only provided by _______________.
a.
Internet Service Providers
c.
Web hosting services
b.
Points of Presence
d.
none of the above
 

71. 

For uploading files, your ISP should provide you with a(n) _______________.
a.
File Transfer Protocol
c.
Structured Query Language
b.
Point of Presence
d.
Secure Socket Layer
 

72. 

Domain names must currently be renewed every _______________ years.
a.
five
c.
three
b.
four
d.
two
 

73. 

Which of the following statements about uploading files to the Web is NOT true?
a.
The first time you go live with your Web site, you must transfer all your files.
b.
Once you have gone live with your Web site, updated files will appear on the site automatically.
c.
Once the files reach the Web server, they are available for access immediately on the Web.
d.
You can transfer files from the Web server to your computer.
 

74. 

User testing should _______________.
a.
determine if your Web site is easy to use and navigate
b.
always be conducted by extensive formalized testing
c.
never be conducted simply by asking a few colleagues to look at your site
d.
all of the above
 

75. 

You should avoid using friends as test users because they _______________.
a.
will likely be too Web-savvy to provide meaningful feedback
b.
probably do not represent a sufficiently wide variety of backgrounds
c.
only may compliment your work
d.
are likely to be overly critical
 

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

76. 

You cannot edit code directly in the Page Source window of Netscape Navigator.
 

77. 

Until recently, the adoption of CSS as a standard for style has been limited because of poor support by the major
      browsers.
 

78. 

XML is a poor choice for distributing complicated information among many users.
 

79. 

Windows users must generate HTML code using Notepad.
 

80. 

Most major Web sites are coded to 640 x 480 screen resolution.
 

81. 

You should always test your sites download time at different connection speeds.
 

82. 

To display the dialog box shown in Figure 1-9, first click Edit on the menu bar.
 

83. 

When a user revisits your Web site, cached graphics will reload from the Web server.
 

84. 

Each Web page does not need to be a complete entity; it is the site itself that is important.
 

85. 

Most well-designed sites use tables in one form or another to provide structure to their pages.
 

86. 

Company logos should remain in the same place on the main page and all secondary pages.
 

87. 

Online forms rarely provide Web designers with pertinent information about the site's users.
 

88. 

During page design, rank the information you want to display, and then position the most important across the top.
 

89. 

Shapes and color can reinforce location or topic on a Web page.
 

90. 

Ideally, Web sites should be designed to guide users through the pages in a linear fashion.
 

91. 

A hypertext table of contents tracks the user's viewed pages.
 

92. 

The objectives of Web site users and Web site designers are always the same.
 

93. 

An online survey frequently helps Web designers understand the needs of their audience.
 

94. 

Database administrators write back-end applications that allow a Web site to interact with a database.
 

95. 

Every Web site has a default main page that displays when the browser requests the directory of the site rather than a specific file.
 

96. 

The easiest way to ensure that all your path names are correct is to keep all of your HTML and image files in the same directory.
 

97. 

Every graphic you add to your Web site increases download time for the user.
 

98. 

The sample page shown in Figure 4-5 contains no hypertext links.
 

99. 

A Table of Contents page need not link to the other main pages of the Web site.
 

100. 

Using the <DIV> tag lets the browser display a navigation bar as close to the top of the page as possible.
 

101. 

Constructing an empty fragment identifier is always a valid link destination.
 

102. 

An interior navigation bar lets users link to topics within the displayed Web page.
 

103. 

To let users jump to an exact topic they want within a chapter, you must mark up the chapter documents with topic fragment identifiers.
 

104. 

Page turners let you move either to the first or last page in the collection.
 

105. 

A limitation of a contextual link is that it can be added to a file at only one location.
 

106. 

Because they substantially increase download time for a Web site, graphics-based navigation links are generally undesirable to use.
 

107. 

Tables are currently supported enough to make them the page design method of choice for some time to come.
 

108. 

The <TR> tag contains the table cells, but no content of its own.
 

109. 

If you omit the closing </TABLE> tag, Internet Explorer will display the table anyway.
 

110. 

Global attributes should never be placed in the initial <TABLE> tag.
 

111. 

Cell-level attributes take precedence over row-level attributes.
 

112. 

If your table contains 7 rows, then the ROWSPAN attribute must always be set for 7.
 

113. 

Netscape Navigator displays tables slightly wider than Internet Explorer.
 

114. 

You cannot remove the default table spacing simply by stating a zero value for the spacing attribute.
 

115. 

If you use plenty of white space in your code, your tables will be easier to access and change.
 

116. 

Most browsers support the ALIGN=CENTER attribute in the <TABLE> element.
 

117. 

You can stack tables by placing an entire table within a table cell.
 

118. 

When you complete your table design, you can turn borders off by removing the BORDERS attribute from the <TABLE> element.
 

119. 

Adding the VALIGN=TOP code once at the beginning of the HTML code will force all table content down from the top of each individual cell.
 

120. 

You cannot test your template until it has been populated with the final content.
 

121. 

The code <FONT SIZE=6>Some text</FONT> will set the font size to 6 points.
 

122. 

The style sheet file contains no HTML code, only CSS style rules.
 

123. 

The <LOG> element lets you specify logical divisions within a document that have their own name and style properties.
 

124. 

CSS allows you to specify either a percentage or absolute value for the line height.
 

125. 

You can create a hanging indent by using a negative value in the text indent property.
 

126. 

You MUST use one of the sixteen predefined colors when using the COLOR attribute.
 

127. 

You can specify the padding amount with any CSS measurement unit.
 

128. 

The border is the area separating the padding and the margin.
 

129. 

The most basic content division is the line.
 

130. 

The greater the bit depth, the greater the number of colors that can be displayed.
 

131. 

When you create a GIF animation, you can determine the time between frames and the number of times the animation
plays.
 

132. 

Because Web sites are in the public domain, it is OK to borrow images from them for use on your own site.
 

133. 

Every <IMG> element on your Web site should contain WIDTH and HEIGHT attributes.
 

134. 

If you remove the default hypertext border from an image, the image will still be clickable.
 

135. 

The default alignment of text and image is top-aligned.
 

136. 

One way to add white space around an image is to add the space to the graphic itself using graphic editing software.
 

137. 

All universal color names are browser-safe colors.
 

138. 

Frames allow a user to scroll independently in one frame without affecting the contents of an adjoining frame.
 

139. 

Frameset code contains no actual content.
 

140. 

<FRAME> is not an empty element.
 

141. 

If a column is set to a fixed width, it will change depending on the user's browser size or screen resolution.
 

142. 

By default, scroll bars in frames are set to appear automatically if the content is not accessible within the frame window.
 

143. 

You must name all of the frames within a frameset, whether you want to target them or not.
 

144. 

Frameset display is affected by the base screen resolution you use to code your framed pages.
 

145. 

It is not possible to mix fixed and variable frames on the same Web page.
 

146. 

The company that hosts your Web pages on a Web server and makes them available to anyone who knows your URL is called an Internet Service Provider.
 

147. 

Multimedia capabilities include support for RealNetworks technology.
 

148. 

If you ever delete files on your local computer, you cannot use your Web site files as a backup.
 

149. 

When you update pages on your site, it is a good idea to let users know by including update information on your
top-level page.
 

150. 

All search engines operate essentially the same.
 



 
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