Name: 
 

VICA-2005 Web Design Study Guide



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

Which of the following Web site types establish a Web presence for a business or commercial venture?
a.
Product support
c.
Publishing
b.
Billboard
d.
Virtual gallery
 

2. 

Which of the following files is NOT a graphics file?
a.
michael.jpg
c.
luther.tif
b.
sarah.txt
d.
valerie.png
 

3. 

Which of the following is NOT a potential filename restriction?
a.
the 8.3 file naming convention
c.
character exceptions
b.
case sensitivity
d.
file extension
 

4. 

Which part of the URL address http://www.forme.com/products/computers.htm represents the path?
a.
http
c.
products
b.
www.forme.com
d.
computers.htm
 

5. 

Which character in the file path indicates the root directory?
a.
a leading backslash
c.
an open quotation mark
b.
a leading slash
d.
an equals sign
 

6. 

If you build a Web type of content structure, you should _______________.
a.
avoid adding links to and from the individual site pages
b.
include clear location information on each page
c.
minimize the use of bidirectional links
d.
expect users to move through the site in a strictly linear fashion
 

7. 

"A system in which objects can be creatively linked to each other" is a definition of _______________.
a.
alternate text-based linking
c.
hypertext
b.
navigation
d.
hypermedia
 

8. 

The server does not have to download navigation graphics _______________.
a.
once they are loaded in the user's cache
b.
the first time the user visits the site
c.
if they are kept simple
d.
if an alternate set of text links is not provided on the site
 

9. 

Effective navigation involves providing _______________.
a.
cues to the user's location
c.
alternatives to the browser's Back button
b.
links to other pages in the Web site
d.
all of the above
 

10. 

Which of the following is NOT a strategy for limiting information overload on a Web site?
a.
Provide the widest possible array of links and buttons.
b.
Create manageable information segments.
c.
Control page length.
d.
Use hypertext to connect data.
 

11. 

A table of contents _______________.
a.
should contain links that jump to any document in the collection
b.
should link back only to the Web site's home page
c.
is redundant in a site that includes graphical navigation cues
d.
is an outmoded means of Web site navigation
 

12. 

Which of the following statements about the code <DIV ALIGN=CENTER> is NOT true?
a.
The <DIV> element centers the navigation bar on the page.
b.
The <CENTER> element takes the place of the <DIV> element.
c.
The <DIV> element takes the place of the <CENTER> element.
d.
The <CENTER> element is a deprecated element.
 

13. 

The <DIV> tag _______________.
a.
is a deprecated element
b.
has both leading and trailing vertical white space
c.
can be used instead of a dividing (vertical) character
d.
indicates a logical division in a document
 

14. 

The default color for a new link is _______________.
a.
green
c.
purple
b.
red
d.
blue
 

15. 

To work properly in all browsers, the fragment identifier must contain at least ____________.
a.
four characters
c.
two characters
b.
three characters
d.
one character
 

16. 

To ensure that linking works properly in an internal navigation bar for a table of contents, _______________. a.  make sure to remember that the chapter headings are NOT yet linked to each of their respective chapter files
a.
To ensure that linking works properly in an internal navigation bar for a table of contents, _______________. a.  make sure to remember that the chapter headings are NOT yet linked to each of their respective chapter files
b.
make sure that the HREF attributes do NOT point to fragment identifiers
c.
add the fragment identifiers to the file for each chapter heading
d.
delete all fragment identifiers for each chapter heading
 

17. 

Using the <P> element instead of <DIV> in the code for a navigation bar _______________.
a.
centers the navigation bar on the page
b.
limits the number of links the bar can accommodate
c.
provides extra white space above and below the navigation bar
d.
provides NO extra white space above and below the navigation bar
 

18. 

Navigation bars _______________.
a.
cannot be created using text images
b.
are sometimes composed of different graphics held together by a table
c.
are easier to use if they are text-based rather than graphics-based
d.
all of the above
 

19. 

If icons and text-based links are both used in a navigation bar, ____________________.
a.
the user will still be able to navigate the site even if the graphics for the icon do not appear
b.
the user will be unable to navigate the site unless both types of links appear
c.
the site designer has unnecessarily cluttered the Web site
d.
the icons must be carried through to each of the destination pages
 

20. 

Which of the following navigational icons is MOST likely to be misinterpreted?
a.
Left arrow icon
c.
Up arrow icon
b.
Right arrow icon
d.
Thumbs-up icon
 

21. 

An up arrow icon represents the _______________ link.
a.
top
c.
next
b.
previous
d.
last-page
 

22. 

The color of a navigation graphic _______________.
a.
should never be changed to maintain consistency
b.
is irrelevant
c.
can be changed to indicate which page the user currently is viewing
d.
should be different on each page of the Web site
 

23. 

To reserve the image space in the browser when adding ALT attributes, you must _______________.
a.
specify the image width and height in the <HREF> tag
b.
specify the image width and height in the <IMG> tag
c.
use HTML 4.0 only
d.
use the <P> attribute to provide the necessary white space above and below the graphic
 

24. 

The following code has been added to the HTML code of a graphic:

<A HREF="student.htm"><IMG border=0 height=45 src="student.gif" width=150 ALT="Student Notebook"></A>

What will the ALT text in the image area say?
a.
Student Notebook
c.
student.gif
b.
student.htm
d.
Student
 

25. 

When HTML was introduced, tables were used only _______________.
a.
to create grid-based layouts
c.
to control page display
b.
for tabular data
d.
on Web pages with lots of graphics
 

26. 

Besides tables, an alternate method of controlling page display is provided by _______________.
a.
Cascading Style Sheets
b.
HTML 3.2
c.
the ALIGN=BOTTOM attribute
d.
there is no alternate method of controlling page display
 

27. 

The <TABLE> element contains the table information, which consists of _______________.
a.
table row elements
b.
individual table data cells and table headers
c.
captions and table headers
d.
table row elements and individual table data cells
 

28. 

The <TH> tag _______________.
a.
contains the table cells, but no content of its own
b.
creates a table header cell that presents the cell contents as bold and centered
c.
displays the default border around the table and between each cell
d.
adds a caption to the table
 

29. 

By default, cell contents are horizontally aligned at the _______________.
a.
right
c.
middle
b.
left
d.
bottom
 

30. 

By default, cell contents are vertically aligned at the _______________.
a.
bottom
c.
right
b.
top
d.
middle
 

31. 

Extra spaces in code _______________.
a.
will make your tables easier to access and change
b.
cause white space between cells
c.
helps you find the code you want quickly and easily
d.
all of the above
 

32. 

Long tables _______________.
a.
are easier to work with than short tables
b.
contain more information than short tables and are therefore preferred by users
c.
increase the time the user has to wait before the tables appear in the browser
d.
cannot be stacked
 

33. 

Assume that the HTML code for a Web page contains four stacked tables in this order: A, B, C, and D.  Which of the
following is true?
a.
The page would have downloaded faster if all the information had been combined into a single, larger
table.
b.
A user will be able to read the contents of Table A while Table B downloads.
c.
All four tables will appear in the browser at the same time.
d.
Table D will appear in the browser first, followed in order by C, B, and A.
 

34. 

Table nesting is supported by _______________.
a.
Netscape Navigator only
c.
both a and b
b.
Internet Explorer only
d.
neither a nor b
 

35. 

The placeholder R1C1 stands for _______________.
a.
Row One, Column One
c.
Right One, Column One
b.
Row One, Cell One
d.
Right One, Center One
 

36. 

To set a fixed width that is not dependent on the user's browser size or screen resolution, use a pixel value in the
global _______________ attribute.
a.
WIDTH
c.
CELLSPACING
b.
FIXED
d.
CELLPADDING
 

37. 

If you want to set the vertical height of your Feature cell to 150 pixels, what code should you write?
a.
VERTICAL=150
c.
HEIGHT=150
b.
VERTHT=150
d.
ALIGN=150
 

38. 

Which of the following statements about setting column widths is NOT true?
a.
You can set column widths by using the WIDTH attribute at the cell level.
b.
Set the column widths in only one row of the table.
c.
Column widths must be set in only one cell per column.
d.
Set the column widths in every cell in a column.
 

39. 

A width control row contains _______________.
a.
content only
c.
WIDTH attributes but no content
b.
WIDTH attributes only
d.
content but no WIDTH attributes
 

40. 

With the table borders turned off, a width control row appears as _______________.
a.
white space at the bottom of the page
c.
a thin rule at the bottom of the page
b.
white space at the top of the page
d.
a thin rule at the top of the page
 

41. 

You can define column widths precisely if you _______________.
a.
use a graphic within the cell
b.
write precise HTML code
c.
use the proper amount of white space in your code
d.
limit your column widths to 200 pixels or less
 

42. 

Normally, the height of a table is determined by the _______________.
a.
table's content
c.
browser window
b.
HEIGHT attribute
d.
none of the above
 

43. 

Which of the following template styles is well-suited for lengthier text content?
a.
Two-column template
c.
Three-column main template
b.
Three-column template
d.
Four-column template
 

44. 

In a two-column template, the left cell would typically be used for _______________.
a.
content
c.
either content or navigation
b.
navigation
d.
banners
 

45. 

Figure 5-29 illustrates a _______________.
a.
five-column main sectioned template
c.
three-column main sectioned template
b.
five-column sectioned template
d.
three-column sectioned template
 

46. 

The template style shown in Figure 5-29 would most likely be used as a(n) _______________.
a.
entire Web site
c.
section-level page of a Web site
b.
top-level page of a Web site
d.
all of the above
 

47. 

The <FONT> element allows HTML authors to choose all of the following type attributes EXCEPT_______________.
a.
font
c.
resolution
b.
color
d.
size
 

48. 

Which of the following statements about typography control is NOT true?
a.
Both the <FONT> element and CSS allow you to specify type point sizes.
b.
Both the <FONT> element and CSS allow you to choose type color.
c.
Both the <FONT> element and CSS allow you to specify alternate fonts.
d.
With HTML 4.0, the <FONT> element has been deprecated in favor of CSS.
 

49. 

Style rules are composed of two parts: a declaration and a _______________.
a.
selection
c.
value
b.
selector
d.
property
 

50. 

An external style sheet has a(n)  _______________ extension.
a.
.CSS
c.
.STY
b.
.ESS
d.
.CSC
 

51. 

Which of the following statements about browser support of CSS is NOT true?
a.
Strange results appear when browsers cannot interpret the CSS rules properly.
b.
Older browsers will not be able to interpret your CSS rules at all.
c.
Internet Explorer 5.0 does not completely support the CSS specification.
d.
Netscape Navigator 4.x is the leader in style support.
 

52. 

You can use less code to accomplish the same results by selecting _______________.
a.
by context
c.
with the CLASS attribute
b.
multiple elements
d.
none of the above
 

53. 

What does the following rule tell the browser to do?

<STYLE TYPE="text/css">
P {FONT-FAMILY: ARIAL}
</STYLE>
a.
Use Arial as the font for the <P> element.
b.
Use Arial as an alternate font if the default font is not present.
c.
Use Arial for all elements on the page.
d.
Automatically install Arial on the user's computer.
 

54. 

Which of the following is NOT an acceptable CSS measurement unit for fonts?
a.
Pica
c.
Point
b.
En
d.
Ex
 

55. 

To adjust kerning, use the _______________ property.
a.
letter spacing
c.
text indent
b.
kerning
d.
line height
 

56. 

To set the amount of indentation for the first line of text in an element, use the _______________ property.
a.
hanging indent
c.
text indent
b.
letter indent
d.
kerning
 

57. 

The COLOR attribute sets the color of _______________.
a.
text only
c.
background only
b.
borders only
d.
none of the above
 

58. 

Which attribute sets the background color for any element?
a.
BACKGROUND-COLOR
c.
Both a and b
b.
COLOR
d.
Neither a nor b
 

59. 

The area between the text and border is called the _______________.
a.
margin
c.
buffer
b.
padding
d.
sub-border
 

60. 

SOLID would be an example of a border _______________.
a.
width
c.
color
b.
style
d.
texture
 

61. 

The first step in setting up a style sheet is to _______________.
a.
style the standard paragraphs
b.
determine the logical divisions for the document
c.
style the chapter title
d.
design the credit and book title
 

62. 

If you use GIF transparencies, _______________.
a.
you must create graphics that are bounded by rectangles
b.
the background color or pattern of your image will show through the areas that you have designated as transparent
c.
no pixels of the transparent color in the image will let the background color show through
d.
you may choose up to eight colors in an image to appear as transparent in the browser
 

63. 

The JPG file format is best for _______________.
a.
photographs or continuous tone images
c.
color graphics
b.
line art
d.
all of the above
 

64. 

You can adjust the quality of a JPG image by using the slider in Adobe Photoshop's JPEG _______________ dialog box.
a.
Image Quality
c.
Format
b.
Options
d.
Compression
 

65. 

Which of the following features is NOT supported by PNG?
a.
animation
c.
interlacing
b.
transparency
d.
all of the above are supported by PNG
 

66. 

If you are using an image that contains color gradients, shadows, and feathering, you should use the _______________ file format.
a.
GIF
c.
JPG
b.
PNG
d.
TIF
 

67. 

All of the following is a color channel EXCEPT _______________.
a.
red
c.
green
b.
yellow
d.
blue
 

68. 

What is the color depth of a monitor that can display 8 bits of data in each of the 3 color channels?
a.
24-bit
c.
11-bit
b.
16-bit
d.
8-bit
 

69. 

Most Web designers use _______________ to create or manipulate graphics.
a.
Paint Shop Pro 6
c.
Adobe Illustrator
b.
Ulead PhotoImpact
d.
Adobe Photoshop
 

70. 

Normal image alignment is to the _______________ of the text.
a.
top
c.
center
b.
baseline
d.
none of the above
 

71. 

Which <IMG> element specifies the amount of white space on the left and right side of the image?
a.
ALIGN
c.
VSPACE
b.
WIDTH
d.
HSPACE
 

72. 

If you do not specify WIDTH and HEIGHT attributes to your images, _______________.
a.
the browser must display the text on the page before downloading the images
b.
the browser must download the images before displaying the rest of the page
c.
the look of your layout will be preserved if the images do not display
d.
the display size of your images will vary from browser to browser
 

73. 

Which of the following is the correct code to tell a browser to reserve a 100 x 50 pixel space for the earth.gif image, and should display the alternate text "Earth" if it cannot display the image?
a.
<IMG SRC="earth.gif" WIDTH=100 HEIGHT=50 ALT="Earth">
b.
<IMG SRC="earth.gif" WIDTH=50 HEIGHT=100 ALT="Earth">
c.
<IMG="earth.gif" WIDTH=100 HEIGHT=50 ALT="Earth">
d.
<IMG ALT="Earth" SRC="earth.gif" WIDTH=50 HEIGHT=100>
 

74. 

Which of the following would you use to align text along the bottom of an image border?
a.
ALIGN=BOTTOM
c.
ALIGN=MIDDLE
b.
ALIGN=TOP
d.
none of the above
 

75. 

You can use all of the following techniques to increase the white space around an image EXCEPT _______________.
a.
add the VSPACE and HSPACE attributes to the <IMG> element
b.
use the PADDING and MARGIN style properties
c.
use graphic editing software
d.
all of the above are valid techniques
 

76. 

Which of the following statements about transparent spacer GIFs is NOT true?
a.
You can use the WIDTH and HEIGHT attributes to change the transparent spacer GIF to any size you desire.
b.
You can reuse the same transparent spacer GIF over and over on your site.
c.
As CSS support becomes more widespread, use of transparent spacer GIFs is likely to rise.
d.
A transparent spacer GIF must download only once to the user's cache.
 

77. 

To tile images across the background of a Web page, use the BACKGROUND attribute to the _______________ element.
a.
<BODY>
c.
<TEXT>
b.
<IMG>
d.
<TABLE>
 

78. 

A poor use of a background image is to _______________.
a.
provide an identifying theme for your site
b.
add interest to your site by including dark, complicated images
c.
frame your content at different screen resolutions
d.
provide a light, textured background
 

79. 

If you want to use a graphic that will not repeat within the browser window at even the highest screen resolution, then you will need to use a graphic that is longer than _______________ pixels.
a.
480
c.
800
b.
600
d.
1024
 

80. 

To use the CSS BACKGROUND property to apply the background image yellow.jpg, the code would be _______________ .
a.
IMG {BACKGROUND: URL (yellow.jpg)}
c.
BODY {BACKGROUND: URL (yellow.jpg)}
b.
BODY {BACKGROUND: URL yellow.jpg}
d.
TABLE {BACKGROUND: URL yellow.jpg}
 

81. 

You can repeat a background graphic on the
a.
y-axis only
c.
both the y-axis and x-axis
b.
x-axis only
d.
neither the y-axis nor x-axis
 

82. 

To use a universal color name in HTML code, state it like this: _______________.
a.
<BODY COLOR=YELLOW>
c.
<BODY BGCOLOR="YELLOW">
b.
<BODY BGCOLOR=YELLOW>
d.
<BODY BGCOLOR="#YELLOW">
 

83. 

You can set a background color for an entire table by adding the BGCOLOR attribute to _______________ <TABLE> tag.
a.
the beginning
c.
any part of the
b.
the ending
d.
none of the above
 

84. 

Which layer of your Web page will contain your text and images?
a.
background
c.
middle
b.
foreground
d.
elemental
 

85. 

The early Internet consisted of only binary files and _______________.
a.
sounds
c.
movies
b.
text
d.
hyperlinks
 

86. 

You can create HTML files and view them on _______________.
a.
a Windows PC
c.
a UNIX computer
b.
a Macintosh
d.
all of the above
 

87. 

The contents of the same Web page can be displayed on various devices simply by changing the _______________.
a.
script
c.
parser
b.
applet
d.
style sheet
 

88. 

Which of the following statements about browsers is TRUE?
a.
A browser designed for Windows is no different than one designed for Macintosh.
b.
Older browsers may not support desirable features such as Cascading Style Sheets.
c.
Most Web users upgrade their browsers whenever a new version is released.
d.
The logic for interpreting HTML tags is the same for all browsers.
 

89. 

Which of the following coding choices would most likely be made by someone using a lowest common denominator approach?
a.
Coding a site for Internet Explorer 4.0 only
b.
Including Macromedia Flash animations in the code
c.
Coding using the HTML 3.2 standard
d.
None of the above
 

90. 

Which coding approach may be most viable on a company intranet?
a.
Lowest common denominator coding
c.
Cutting-edge coding
b.
Greatest common denominator coding
d.
Browser-specific coding
 

91. 

Which of the following is NOT a reason why an author might use browser-specific coding?
a.
The author wanted to adopt the latest technologies.
b.
The author wanted to use some unique enhancement for the site.
c.
The author discovered that the site did not render properly in other browsers.
d.
The author wanted to limit availability to the site.
 

92. 

The reluctance of Web designers to adhere to the W3C's accessibility guidelines is directly related to _______________.
a.
the small number of physically-challenged Web users
b.
the difficulty of coding HTML for physically-challenged users
c.
the incompatibility of HTML support across different Web browsers
d.
none of the above
 

93. 

If you want to include animations or effects that require a plug-in on your Web site, _______________.
a.
code to the last release of HTML
b.
use a development tool that is already supported by the major browsers
c.
you can work with one browser in mind
d.
all of the above
 

94. 

A program on the server that detects the user's browser type when they access your site is called a(n) _______________.
a.
plug-in
c.
applet
b.
parser
d.
sniffer
 

95. 

Most experienced HTML authors make final corrections using _______________.
a.
Notepad
c.
office applications
b.
HTML editing programs
d.
none of the above
 

96. 

Which of the following is the highest possible screen resolution?
a.
1000 x 700
c.
1500 x 900
b.
1024 x 768
d.
2000 x 1024
 

97. 

A user working at which of the following screen resolutions may see additional scroll bars if content does not fit on screen?
a.
640 x 480
c.
1000 x 700
b.
800 x 600
d.
1024 x 768
 

98. 

A user tries to view a Web page coded at 800 x 600 on a screen set at a resolution of 640 x 480. What will likely result?
a.
The on-screen content will be compressed, making it difficult to read.
b.
Scroll bars will display.
c.
The Web page will fail to open, and an error message will display.
d.
None of the above.
 

99. 

The first time you visit a Web site, _______________.
a.
the entire contents of the HTML file and every image referenced in the HTML code is downloaded to your hard drive
b.
only the plain text of the HTML file is downloaded to your hard drive
c.
your browser downloads and parses the HTML file
d.
your browser loads images from the cache
 

100. 

A temporary storage area for Web pages and images is the _______________.
a.
file cabinet
c.
browser
b.
canvas area
d.
cache
 

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

101. 

The objectives of Web site users and Web site designers are always the same.
 

102. 

Companies that provide product help information on the Web often find that their customer support calls increase.
 

103. 

If the Web server runs an operating system that differs from your local development system, transferring files to the server may break local URL links because of filename inconsistencies.
 

104. 

You should always specify an absolute path in your partial URLs.
 

105. 

The easiest way to ensure that all your path names are correct is to keep all of your HTML and image files in the same directory.
 

106. 

Figure 3-8 illustrates a cluster information structure.
 

107. 

Every graphic you add to your Web site increases download time for the user.
 

108. 

Effective navigation simply provides cues to the user's location.
 

109. 

HTML 3.2 adds the ID attribute.
 

110. 

Contextual links allow users to jump to related ideas by clicking the word or item that interests them.
 

111. 

A limitation of a contextual link is that it can be added to a file at only one location.
 

112. 

Because they substantially increase download time for a Web site, graphics-based navigation links are generally undesirable to use.
 

113. 

The meaning of most navigational icons has been standardized across the Web.
 

114. 

A user cannot leave the main Web page shown in Figure 4-25.
 

115. 

The <TR> tag contains the table cells, but no content of its own.
 

116. 

If you omit the closing </TABLE> tag, Internet Explorer will display the table anyway.
 

117. 

Global attributes should never be placed in the initial <TABLE> tag.
 

118. 

Netscape Navigator displays tables slightly wider than Internet Explorer.
 

119. 

You cannot remove the default table spacing simply by stating a zero value for the spacing attribute.
 

120. 

Any text outside of a table displays first.
 

121. 

You can stack tables by placing an entire table within a table cell.
 

122. 

When you complete your table design, you can turn borders off by removing the BORDERS attribute from the <TABLE> element.
 

123. 

You can set widths at the cell level to either a pixel or percentage amount.
 

124. 

Adding the VALIGN=TOP code once at the beginning of the HTML code will force all table content down from the top of each individual cell.
 

125. 

A three-column template structure lends itself to scanning rather than reading.
 

126. 

The template style illustrated in Figure 5-28 is especially effective as a top-level page of a Web site.
 

127. 

Figure 5-29 illustrates a three-column main sectioned table.
 

128. 

Designing for the Web restricts your type choices because you must stick with fonts that your users have installed on their computers.
 

129. 

The code <FONT SIZE=6>Some text</FONT> will set the font size to 6 points.
 

130. 

The declaration in a style rule contains two elements: a property and a value.
 

131. 

The main problem with style sheets is their complexity.
 

132. 

CSS allows you to specify either a percentage or absolute value for the line height.
 

133. 

You MUST use one of the sixteen predefined colors when using the COLOR attribute.
 

134. 

The border is the area separating the padding and the margin.
 

135. 

To the browser, it does not matter how you space and indent your style rules, as long as the syntax is correct.
 

136. 

The more colors you use in your graphics, the greater the compression.
 

137. 

PNG supports 24-bit color and its lossless compression routine compresses as efficiently as JPG.
 

138. 

<IMG> is an empty element, so always use a closing tag with it.
 

139. 

If you change a graphic's size using the WIDTH and HEIGHT attributes, you are not changing the file size of the image.
 

140. 

If you remove the default hypertext border from an image, the image will still be clickable.
 

141. 

You cannot reuse a transparent spacer GIF over and over on your Web site.
 

142. 

Under no circumstances should you use light text on a dark background.
 

143. 

HTML uses hexadecimal numbers to express RGB color values.
 

144. 

All universal color names are browser-safe colors.
 

145. 

HTML greatly increases the complexity of SGML to enhance transmission over the Internet.
 

146. 

Until recently, the adoption of CSS as a standard for style has been limited because of poor support by the major
      browsers.
 

147. 

Windows users must generate HTML code using Notepad.
 

148. 

If a Web page has been designed using fixed resolution, the screen content remains aligned to the right side of the page as the screen resolution changes.
 

149. 

As a rule of thumb, no single image on your Web site should exceed 5k.
 

150. 

The first time you visit a Web site, your browser downloads and parses the HTML file.
 



 
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