Name: 
 

Computer Literacy - Lesson 4



True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

In the computer industry, a chip is considered to be a piece of hardware.
 

 2. 

Software developers have had a tremendous impact on the history of computers.
 

 3. 

Another word for "program" is "hardware."
 

 4. 

Application software is developed for the end user.
 

 5. 

A spreadsheet program is one example of an application program.
 

 6. 

Without an applications program, an operating system cannot function.
 

 7. 

A file management program is an example of a utility program.
 

 8. 

In the computer industry, language translators translate between spoken languages.
 

 9. 

With a graphical interface, you must type the exact command you wish to execute.
 

 10. 

One computer can run a combination of operating systems.
 

 11. 

The Mac OS is not commonly used in conjunction with DOS.
 

 12. 

A computer reads Visual Basic programming statements.
 

 13. 

The Windows operating system works with the Motorola processor.
 

 14. 

A command-line interface allows you to see files and disks represented as images you can select.
 

 15. 

Unix is a type of utility program.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 16. 

When you turn on a computer, you ____ the system.
a.
bug
c.
boot
b.
kick
d.
skip
 

 17. 

Systems software refers to the computer's ____ system.
a.
computing
c.
applications
b.
operating
d.
productivity
 

 18. 

Which is NOT a category of systems software?
a.
operating systems
c.
multimedia
b.
utilities
d.
language translators
 

 19. 

In a GUI, ____ represent files, disks, programs, and other objects.
a.
PCs
c.
commands
b.
symbols
d.
windows
 

 20. 

Which is one of the most widely used command-line interfaces for microcomputers?
a.
DOS
c.
Visual Basic
b.
RAM
d.
BASIC
 

 21. 

Graphical interfaces and ____ interfaces are the two most common types of user interfaces.
a.
information
c.
operations
b.
DOS
d.
command-line
 

 22. 

The Macintosh computer was introduced in the ____.
a.
1960s
c.
1980s
b.
1970s
d.
1990s
 

 23. 

Which statement about multitasking is true?
a.
It prohibits multiple programs from running simultaneously.
b.
It is a character-based operating system.
c.
It manipulates programs that reside on the hard drive.
d.
It allows a single user to work on two programs at one time.
 

 24. 

IBM introduced its first IBM PC around ____.
a.
1975
c.
1985
b.
1980
d.
1990
 

 25. 

A ____ operating system allows a group of computers to be connected.
a.
network
c.
BIOS
b.
system
d.
graphical
 

 26. 

Computers only understand ____, so programs written in programming languages must be translated before computers can use them.
a.
standard English
c.
Visual Basic
b.
machine language
d.
Mac OS
 

 27. 

An error in programming code is called a(n) ____.
a.
syntax
c.
bug
b.
algorithm
d.
moth
 

 28. 

Which of the following is NOT a utility program?
a.
file recovery
c.
antivirus
b.
disk defragmentation
d.
calendar
 

 29. 

Windows 98 was the first version of Windows to integrate ____ into the operating system.
a.
the Internet
c.
icons
b.
algorithms
d.
the monitor
 

 30. 

When you start your computer, the first action that the computer performs is ____.
a.
BIOS
c.
ROM
b.
CHKDSK
d.
POST
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

 31. 

Applications software is also known as ____________________ software.
 

 

 32. 

A set of instructions issued to the computer so that specific tasks may be performed is known as ____________________.
 

 

 33. 

Software comes in two categories: applications and ____________________.
 

 

 34. 

Operating systems provide a(n) ____________________ between the user and the computer hardware.
 

 

 35. 

All early computers used ____________________-line interfaces.
 

 

 36. 

A GUI permits a user to manipulate onscreen ____________________.
 

 

 37. 

The operating system of the Macintosh was the first to provide on-screen ____________________.
 

 

 38. 

Windows 95 was Microsoft’s first ____________________ operating system.
 

 

 39. 

DOS is a(n) ____________________-based operating system.
 

 

 40. 

With DOS, a user can run only one ____________________ at a time.
 

 

 41. 

An example of a network operating system is _________________________.
 

 

 42. 

When you first turn on your computer, the operating system loads into ____________________.
 

 

 43. 


The ____________________ contains all of the code that controls the most common devices connected to your computer.
 

 

 44. 

A(n) ____________________ is a set of clearly defined, logical steps to solve a problem.
 

 

 45. 

Programmers write steps in a code that uses formal terms and ____________________, or rules for how the terms are used together.
 

 

 46. 

The Macintosh’s first graphical user interface was called ____________________.
 

 

 47. 

____________________ operating systems allow a group of two or more microcomputers to be connected.
 

 

 48. 

____________________ is a portable operating system.
 

 

 49. 

In the computer world, _____________________ refers to anything that you can touch.
 

 

 50. 

Most of today’s microcomputers come with some type of ____________________ user interface.
 

 



 
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