Name: 
 

CMT - Chapter 4



True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

The full AT form factor provided more flexibility than Baby AT.
 

 2. 

Backplane systems do not use a true motherboard.
 

 3. 

Alternating current travels in only one direction and is the type of current that most electronic devices require, including computers.
 

 4. 

Electrical current flows from a state of rest to a high pressure state.
 

 5. 

A UPS that can be controlled by software from a computer is called a smart UPS.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 6. 

The most popular form factor is the ____.
a.
ATX
c.
LPX
b.
BTX
d.
NLX
 

 7. 

The full AT form factor measures ____.
a.
4” x 6”
c.
14” x 15.5”
b.
12” x 13.8”
d.
18” x 20.1”
 

 8. 

The AT board uses two power connections, the ____ connector and the ____ connector.
a.
P4, P5
c.
P8, P9
b.
P6, P8
d.
P11, P12
 

 9. 

MicroATX reduces the total cost of a system by ____.
a.
reducing the number of I/O slots on the motherboard
b.
reducing the power supplied to the board
c.
allowing for a smaller case size
d.
All of the above
 

 10. 

The first ATX power supplies and motherboards use a single power connector called the ____ connector.
a.
P1
c.
P5
b.
P2
d.
P7
 

 11. 

Using the ____ feature, an OS, such as Windows 2000/XP or Windows 98, can turn off the power to a system after the shutdown procedure is done.
a.
double switch
c.
soft power
b.
firewall switch
d.
warm power
 

 12. 

____ allows for maximum flexibility in the design of system cases and boards and therefore can be a good choice for custom systems; it is used in slimline and all-in-one cases.
a.
Mini-ATX
c.
ATX
b.
FlexATX
d.
AT
 

 13. 

The ____ form factor was designed by Intel for flexibility and can be used by everything from large tower systems to those ultrasmall systems that sit under a monitor.
a.
BTX
c.
Mini-ATX
b.
MicroATX
d.
FlexATX
 

 14. 

____ and Mini-____ form factors were originally developed by Western Digital for low-end personal computer motherboards and are used with low-profile cases.
a.
NLX
c.
AT
b.
BTX
d.
LPX
 

 15. 

A riser card is also called a ____ card.
a.
parent
c.
driver
b.
daughter
d.
star
 

 16. 

____ backplanes contain no circuits other than bus connectors and some buffer and driver circuits.
a.
Passive
c.
Active
b.
Desktop
d.
Compact
 

 17. 

____ backplanes contain no circuitry at all; the circuits are all on a mothercard, also called a CPU card.
a.
Passive
c.
Active
b.
Desktop
d.
Compact
 

 18. 

The classic case with four drive bays and around six expansion slots that sits on your desktop doing double duty as a monitor stand is called a ____ case.
a.
tower
c.
compact
b.
notebook
d.
desktop
 

 19. 

A ____ occurs when uncontrolled electricity flows from the hot line to the neutral line or from the hot line to ground.
a.
spike
c.
fuse
b.
short
d.
circuit
 

 20. 

A ____ is an electronic device that can serve as a gate or switch for an electrical signal and can amplify the flow of electricity.
a.
fuse
c.
transistor
b.
short
d.
capacitor
 

 21. 

A ____ is an electronic device that can hold an electrical charge for a period of time and can smooth the uneven flow of electricity through a circuit.
a.
fuse
c.
transistor
b.
short
d.
capacitor
 

 22. 

A ____ is a semiconductor device that allows electricity to flow in only one direction.
a.
resistor
c.
fuse
b.
diode
d.
capacitor
 

 23. 

A ____ is an electronic device that limits the amount of current that can flow through it.
a.
resistor
c.
fuse
b.
diode
d.
capacitor
 

 24. 

Temporary voltage reductions are called ____.
a.
spikes
c.
swells
b.
sags
d.
blackouts
 

 25. 

____ systems and peripherals have the U.S. Green Star, indicating that they satisfy certain energy-conserving standards of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
a.
Energy Star
c.
Low Profile
b.
Compact
d.
UPS
 

 26. 

____ are materials, such as glass or ceramic, that resist the flow of electricity.
a.
Transmitters
c.
Insulators
b.
Conductors
d.
Semiconductors
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 27. 

Motherboards that support PCI Express and have the 24-pin P1 connector are sometimes called ____________________ boards.
 

 

 28. 

A(n) ____________________ is sometimes called the soft power feature.
 

 

 29. 

____________________ current goes back and forth, or oscillates, rather than traveling in only one direction.
 

 

 30. 

A(n) ____________________ protects equipment against sudden changes in power level, such as spikes from lightning strikes.
 

 

 31. 

A(n) ____________________ serves the same function for your telephone line to your modem that a surge suppressor does for the electrical lines.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Identify the letter of the choice that best matches the phrase or definition.
a.
volt
f.
form factor
b.
notebook case
g.
Amp
c.
joule
h.
compact case
d.
backplane
i.
Watt
e.
ohm
 

 32. 

Describes the size, shape, and major features of a hardware component
 

 33. 

A board that normally sits against the back of a proprietary case with slots on it for other cards
 

 34. 

Can follow either the NLX, LPX, or Mini-LPX form factor
 

 35. 

Used for portable computers that have all the components of a desktop computer
 

 36. 

A measure of electrical “pressure” differential
 

 37. 

A measure of electrical current
 

 38. 

A measure of resistance to electricity
 

 39. 

A measure of electrical power
 

 40. 

The work or energy required to produce one watt of power in one second
 



 
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