Name: 
 

A+ Chapter 1



True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

A serial port transmits data in parallel and is most often used by an older printer.
 

 2. 

When data and instructions are not being used, they must be kept in permanent storage, sometimes called primary storage.
 

 3. 

Parallel ATA, sometimes called the EIDE (Enhanced IDE) standard or the IDE standard, is slower than SATA.
 

 4. 

A motherboard can have more than one bus, each using a different protocol, speed, data path size, and so on.
 

 5. 

Some very basic instructions are stored on the motherboard—just enough to start the computer, use some simple hardware devices such as a monitor and keyboard, and search for an operating system stored on a storage device such as a hard drive or CD.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 6. 

In the world of computers, the term ____ refers to the computer’s physical components, such as the monitor, keyboard, motherboard, and hard drive.
a.
software
c.
architecture
b.
middleware
d.
hardware
 

 7. 

The term ____ refers to the set of instructions that directs the hardware to accomplish a task.
a.
software
c.
middleware
b.
hardware
d.
stack
 

 8. 

To perform a computing task, software uses hardware for four basic functions: ____.
a.
input, storage, retrieval, and display
c.
input, storage, alteration, and output
b.
input, processing, storage, and output
d.
output, input, analysis, and viewing
 

 9. 

A 1 or 0 in this system is called a ____.
a.
byte
c.
datum
b.
word
d.
bit
 

 10. 

Most input/output devices communicate with components inside the computer case through a wireless connection or through cables attached to the case at a connection called a(n) ____.
a.
port
c.
interface
b.
slot
d.
socket
 

 11. 

The printer produces output on paper, often called ____ copy.
a.
real
c.
hard
b.
soft
d.
virtual
 

 12. 

A device that is not installed directly on the motherboard is called a(n) ____ device.
a.
standard
c.
extraneous
b.
peripheral
d.
perimeter
 

 13. 

A ____ bus port can be used by many different input/output devices, such as keyboards, printers, scanners, and digital cameras.
a.
unified serial
c.
universal serial
b.
universal static
d.
universal standards
 

 14. 

The ____ is a group of microchips on the motherboard that control the flow of data and instructions to and from the processor.
a.
chipset
c.
bridge
b.
block
d.
gate
 

 15. 

Primary storage is provided by devices called memory or ____ located on the motherboard and on some adapter cards.
a.
ROM
c.
Flash
b.
BIOS
d.
RAM
 

 16. 

Most ____ drives consist of a sealed case containing platters or disks that rotate at a high speed.
a.
optical
c.
flash
b.
hard
d.
solid state
 

 17. 

A(n) ____ drive is considered standard equipment on most computer systems today because most software is distributed on CDs or DVDs.
a.
floppy
c.
optical
b.
flash
d.
hard
 

 18. 

USB ____ drives are compact, easy to use, and currently hold up to 64 GB of data.
a.
worm
c.
hard
b.
optical
d.
flash
 

 19. 

A(n) ____ is a set of rule and standards that any two entities use for communication.
a.
protocol
c.
interface
b.
language
d.
interaction
 

 20. 

The ____ or system timer is dedicated to timing the activities of the chips on the motherboard.
a.
randomizer
c.
system clock
b.
ALU
d.
interrupt manager
 

 21. 

Everything in a computer is ____.
a.
decimal
c.
hexadecimal
b.
binary
d.
integers
 

 22. 

The ____ card, also called a graphics card, provides one or more ports for a monitor.
a.
video
c.
input
b.
interface
d.
output
 

 23. 

The ____ card provides a port for a network cable to connect the PC to a network.
a.
video
c.
modem
b.
interface
d.
network
 

 24. 

The most important component of the computer’s electrical system is the ____, which is usually near the rear of the case.
a.
power supply
c.
drive cage
b.
cooling fan
d.
power bus
 

 25. 

Data and instructions are stored on special ROM (read-only memory) chips on the board and are called the ____.
a.
flash
c.
BIOS
b.
microcode
d.
Symbols
 

 26. 

Motherboard settings are stored in a small amount of RAM located on the firmware chip and are called ____.
a.
CMOS ROM
c.
DMOS ROM
b.
CMOS RAM
d.
HMAC RAM
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 27. 

A(n) ___________________ is a circuit board that holds microchips, or integrated circuits (ICs), and the circuitry that connects these chips.
 

 

 28. 

RAM memory is called ____________________ because it is temporary in nature.
 

 

 29. 

____________________ are circuits or paths that enable data, instructions, and power to move from component to component on the board.
 

 

 30. 

The size and shape of an expansion slot depend on the kind of ____________________ it uses.
 

 

 31. 

Software embedded into hardware is often referred to as ____________________ because of its hybrid nature.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
Monitor
f.
Hertz
b.
CPU
g.
Keyboard
c.
Megahertz
h.
Gigahertz
d.
Flash ROM
i.
Motherboard
e.
Mouse
 

 32. 

Writes data and instructions in storage devices and performs calculations and other data processing
 

 33. 

The primary input device of a computer
 

 34. 

Pointing device used to move a pointer on the screen and to make selections
 

 35. 

The visual device that displays the primary output of the computer
 

 36. 

Contains a socket to hold the CPU
 

 37. 

One cycle per second
 

 38. 

One million cycles per second
 

 39. 

One billion cycles per second
 

 40. 

Non-volatile memory and can be reprogrammed
 

Short Answer
 

 41. 

Describe the binary number system.
 

 42. 

List and describe the elements that each hardware input, output, or storage device requires.
 

 43. 

List three devices that are contained inside the computer case.
 

 44. 

List three components that allow the processor to communicate with other devices.
 

 45. 

Describe the purpose of the chipset.
 

 46. 

Describe the two major ATA standards for drive interface.
 

 47. 

Describe solid state devices.
 

 48. 

Describe a floppy disk drive.
 

 49. 

Where are expansion cards mounted?
 

 50. 

What is the easiest way to determine the function of a particular expansion card?
 



 
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